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The garden serves as a teaching garden from which students learn about technological, political and cultural shifts that have had incredible influence over art historical movements and materials available to artists throughout time. Students taking various studio courses are also involved in cultivating and harvesting the plants in the garden for the creation of natural dyes, pigments and art materials. This garden has the potential to reach a wide range of disciplines at WCU, reinforcing research in Art and Design courses, Art History courses, Theater and Costume Design, Sustainability-related courses and more.

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X Get Your Free Crop-Specific Product Information. The Conference noted with satisfaction the progress made by the Organization in strengthening its activities in crop protection, especially with regard to the promotion of regional co - operation, the expansion of basic studies aiming at the prevention of desert locust plagues and the furthering of co - ordination in sunn pest investigations. The Conference reaffirmed its view that effective control of pests and diseases injuring plants and plant products and the prevention of their spread were essential in improving agriculture and in increasing production.

It therefore suggested that the Director - General should continue to give major attention to this aspect of the work of the Organization and to expand those activities to the extent that is feasible. It was suggested that plant protection work in tropical Africa should be extended during the 1962 - 63 biennium, especially with regard to grain storage and pest and disease control.

In recognizing the major role of crop protection in relation to the total efforts to increase food production, the Conference adopted the following resolution:Realizing the increasing need for promoting plant protection activities throughout the world, and the increasing responsibilities of the crop protection staff of FAO,Requests the Director - General, wherever possible, to make adequate provision in the budget of the 1962 - 63 biennium or subsequently to permit expansion of activities in crop protection and in the staff of the Crop Protection Branch, with special reference to the appointment of crop protection specialists attached to the regional Offices.

The Conference recognized the importance of the uniformity of plant quarantine procedures, such as stipulated in the International Plant Protection Convention, and it suggested that a world - wide meeting of governmental officials responsible for the executive work within the scope of the Convention would be of great benefit. The Conference considered that a plant protection agreement for the Near East as recommended by the Fourth FAO Regional Conference for the Near East would encourage intergovernmental co - operation and strengthen regional activities in this field.

The Conference thought it particularly important to initiate an intensive survey in this region to determine the occurrence and prevalence of plant pests and diseases and to establish a working party for studying pest and disease problems of maize.

The implementation of this project would hasten the development and extension of more effective and economical measures for controlling the desert locust to the benefit of many nations. It was considered that priority should be given to developing locust control in the Yemen and it was hoped that provision could be made for attaching a locust specialist to the Near East regional office and for the appointment of a locust officer in the Yemen.

It referred in particular to the organization of a working party for this purpose, the establishment of a Sunn Pest Information and Documentation Center by arrangement with the Pasteur Institute in Paris, and the employment of a group - g country expert. Taking into consideration 1 the importance of the sunn pest in the economy of a number of the Mediterranean countries, the Conference urged FAO to continue this effort and to promote research in both chemical and biological control of the insect.

Recognizing the universal nature of the problem of pesticide residues on or in food, the Conference requested the Director-General to continue to compile information on the legal tolerance already established in various countries. It further urged that, in view of the increasing development of insect strains resistant to insecticides and of the cost of chemical control, research on biological control should be encouraged by the Organization.

The Conference emphasized the extensive losses occurring annually in stored grains, especially those in farm storage, and expressed satisfaction that emphasis had been given to this aspect of the program for 1960 - 61. It was felt that in formulating the proposed global agreement for shipment of clean grain, reference should be made to the disinfestation not only of grains but also of ships and railroad wagons which carry, grains in international trade.

The Conference observed that, while pests and diseases of growing crops attract widespread attention, the infestation of stored agricultural commodities was recognized less, because of the insidious nature of the attack. Losses in stored grains were tremendous but they could be reduced if modern improved techniques in grain storage were introduced and adequate training given to personnel responsible for the management and operation of storages.

The Conference reaffirmed the views expressed at its Ninth Session and indicated in para. As the training of technical personnel was considered of particular importance, the Conference adopted the following resolution:Recognizing that insects, mites, rodents, fungi and improper storage continue to cause serious losses in stored grains throughout the world, and that many governments are making efforts toward the modernization of their grain storage facilities and methods in order to reduce losses,Recognizing further that one of the chief grain storage problems at present is the shortage in many countries of adequately trained technical Personnel for operating modern grain storage facilities and applying effective measures for the prevention of losses in stored grains,Recommends that Member Governments strengthen their training programs for operating personnel of grain storage facilities by organizing national training courses in grain storage; andRequests the Director - General to make such provisions as resources permit for assisting the national training centers and other aspects of national endeavor in the improvement of grain storage.

It suggested that the Director - General should give further consideration to the possibility of initiating such a project, whenever resources permitted, in close collaboration with the Commission for Technical Co - operation in Africa South of the Sahara (CCTA) and with the countries concerned.

It expressed the hope that FAO would be able to assist governments in gathering information on certain specific subjects, such as the malformation of mango and the control of broom rape (Orobanche). The Conference approved the program of work in plant production and protection for 1960 - 61, and requested the Director - General to take account of the suggestions made in the preceding paragraphs in formulating future programs of work. Agricultural Education and Administration Rural welfare Land Tenure and Settlement Atomic Energy in Food and Agriculture394.

The Conference reviewed the work in the field of rural institutions and services under the headings of Agricultural Education and Administration, Rural Welfare, and Land Tenure and Settlement. The Conference, having been informed of the work carried through in 1958 - 59 and having considered the program of work proposed for 1960 - 61, expressed particular satisfaction with the grouping under a single direction of all the elements relating to institutions.

The Conference noted the statement made by the observer of ILO and welcomed the continued collaboration between FAO and ILO on matters of mutual concern. Agricultural Education and Administration395. The work on agricultural education and administration was reviewed by the Conference under its major headings: Agricultural Organization and Administration, Organization of Agricultural Research, Agricultural Education and Agricultural Extension.

Great interest was expressed in the proposal aiming at assisting governments in the improvement of the organizational structure for servicing agriculture, the importance of which, along with the development of effective administrative procedures for making efficient use of technical personnel, both national and international, was recognized. It was considered that governments could be assisted in bringing about such improvement by obtaining, through ETAP, agricultural advisers on organization and administration on whose advice the most suitable application of the recommendations of experts could be secured.

At the same time, it is important that international experts serving in different countries in various subject matter fields should be encouraged to fit their own recommendations into the unified organizational structure. The Conference stressed the need for the participation of specialists in organization and administration in planning and survey missions and also in conducting studies and assisting in the preparation of suitable publications for dissemination to Member Governments.

Considerable stress was laid on the necessity for training in this important field; at the same time there should be full recognition of the need for improvements to be based on existing administrative structures. Such improvements should be brought about through modification of the existing pattern rather than by, radical measures. As at previous Conference sessions, the key importance of agricultural extension in bringing about increased production and improved levels of living in the rural areas was emphasized.

Increased emphasis should be placed on the development of national training programs and the provision by FAO of the facilities to assist such training. Plans to have at least one national institution in each region to develop facilities and staff for the training of teachers of extension workers were also commended.

Stress was laid on the need for simultaneous training in subject matter and extension methods to ensure a sound practical approach to agriculture.

Great value should be attached to the granting of facilities by countries to extension officials who come from other countries to observe extension organization and programs. Recognizing the need for greater emphasis on the training of intermediate and lower level agricultural technicians, the Conference welcomed the increased attention to be given to the improvement of secondary and practical agricultural schools.

Work in lower and higher education in agriculture should be pursued concurrently, the latter to include work in the social sciences and in educational and extension methodology. The value of suitable FAO publications in promoting agricultural education was strongly stressed, and the organization by FAO of seminars and meetings was considered an important way of developing agricultural education.

The Conference fully supported the view that countries could no longer afford the luxury of unplanned research and stressed the great need for better planning and co - ordinating in this field. Comparative studies by FAO of systems of agricultural research administration in the various countries were requested.

Noting the limited resources available for research especially in underdeveloped countries, the Conference emphasized the consequent need for exchanges between countries, not only of personnel but also of results of research. The preparation and circulation of lists of research institutes, scientists and projects was one means of initiating such exchanges. Consideration should also be given to encouraging research stations in the various countries of a region to specialize in different fields and pool the results of their work without neglecting basic research.

It was also recommended that attention should be given to the adaptation of the results of research to make them suitable for application at the field level. Great emphasis was placed on the need for developing appropriate liaison between research and extension workers. It was suggested that FAO should carry out a study of the systems of co - ordination used in various countries.

The Conference welcomed the offers of certain developed countries to assist in training fellows from underdeveloped areas.